Canadian Population Statistics

Population data on Canada, fromĀ Statistics Canada.

Population of Canada

Year
Population
1867
3,463,000
1882
4,375,000
1897
5,122,000
1912
7,389,000
1927
9,637,000
1942
11,654,000
1957
16,610,000
1972
22,218,475
1987
26,448,855
2002
31,372,587
2016
36,286,400

Population of the Provinces and Territories of Canada

Province
Population (2016 estimate)
Ontario
13,983,000
Quebec
8,326,100
British Columbia
4,751,600
Alberta
4,252,900
Saskatchewan
1,150,600
Manitoba
1,318,100
Nova Scotia
949,500
New Brunswick
756,800
Newfoundland and Labrador
530,100
Prince Edward Island
148,600
Northwest Territories
44,500
Yukon
37,500
Nunavut
37,100

Canada's 10 Largest "Metropolitan Areas"

City
Population (2015 estimate)
Toronto, Ontario
6,129,900
Montreal, Quebec
4,060,700
Vancouver, British Columbia
2,504,300
Calgary, Alberta
1,439,800
Edmonton, Alberta
1,363,300
Ottawa, Ontario
1,332,000
Quebec City, Quebec
806,400
Winnipeg, Manitoba
793,400
Hamilton, Ontario
771,700
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ontario
511,300
Note: Statistics Canada defines a "Metropolitan Area" as one or more cities located around a "major urban core." In most cases, the majority of a Metropolitan Area's population is located in just one city (which the Area is named after), and other, smaller surrounding cities are considered to be part of the "greater" city. For example, someone claiming to live in the "Greater Toronto" area.