Federal Elections

Results of federal elections for the Canadian House of Commons since 1867. “Maj.” refers to majority governments, “Min.” refers to minority governments. See the Parliamentary System chapter for more details.

DATECONS.*LIB.NDPBLOCOTHER
DATECONS.*LIB.NDPBLOCOTHER
Aug 7 - Sep 20, 1867108 (Maj.)72N/AN/A0
Jul 20 - Oct 12, 1872104 (Maj.)96N/AN/A0
Jan 22, 187467138 (Maj.)N/AN/A1
Sep 17, 1878142 (Maj.)64N/AN/A0
Jun 20, 1882139 (Maj.)71N/AN/A1
Feb 22, 1887126 (Maj.)89N/AN/A0
Mar 5, 1891121 (Maj.)94N/AN/A0
Jun 23, 189688118 (Maj.)N/AN/A7
Nov 7, 190080133 (Maj.)N/AN/A0
Nov 3, 190475138 (Maj.)N/AN/A1
Oct 26, 190885135 (Maj.)N/AN/A1
Sep 21, 1911134 (Maj.)87N/AN/A1
Dec 17, 1917153 (Maj.)82N/AN/A0
Dec 6, 192150116 (Maj.)N/AN/A64 Progressive, 5 other
Oct 29, 192511699 (Min.)N/AN/A24 Progressive, 6 other
Sep 14, 192691128 (Maj.)N/AN/A20 Progressive, 6 other
Jul 28, 1930137 (Maj.)91N/AN/A12 Progressive, 5 other
Oct 14, 193540173 (Maj.)7N/A17 Social Credit, 8 other
Mar 26, 194040181 (Maj.)8N/A10 Social Credit, 6 other
Jun 11, 194567125 (Maj.)28N/A13 Social Credit, 12 other
Jun 27, 194941193 (Maj.)13N/A10 Social Credit, 5 other
Aug 10, 195351171 (Maj.)23N/A15 Social Credit, 5 other
Jun 10, 1957112 (Min.)10525N/A19 Social Credit, 4 other
Mar 31, 1958208 (Maj.)498N/A0
Jun 18, 1962116 (Min.)10019N/A30 Social Credit
Apr 18, 196395129 (Min.)17N/A24 Social Credit
Nov 8, 196597132 (Min.)21N/A14 Social Credit
Jun 25, 196872155 (Maj.)22N/A14 Social Credit, 1 other
Oct 30, 1972107109 (Min.)31N/A15 Social Credit, 2 other
Jul 8, 197495141 (Maj.)16N/A11 Social Credit, 1 other
May 22, 1979136 (Min.)11426N/A6 Social Credit
Feb 18, 1980103146 (Maj.)32N/A0
Sep 4, 1984211 (Maj.)4030N/A1
Nov 21, 1988169 (Maj.)8343N/A0
Oct 25, 19932177 (Maj.)95452 Reform, 1 other
Jun 2, 199720155 (Maj.)214460 Reform, 1 other
Nov 27, 200012172 (Maj.)133866 Alliance
Jun 28, 200499135 (Min.)19541
Jan 23, 2006124 (Min.)10329511
Oct 14, 2008143 (Min.)7737492
May 2, 2011166 (Maj.)3410341 Green
Oct 19, 201599184 (Maj.)44101 Green

* Note: For simplicity’s sake, from 1867 to 2004 the “Conservative” column contains data for the Progressive Conservative Party and its predecessors. From 2004, it contains data for the Conservative Party of Canada. See the parties data page for more details.

Federal Elections Links:

Quick Facts:

  • A federal election is a contest to determine the membership of the House of Commons, and thus control of the federal government.
  • If a political party can control the majority of seats, it is said to win a "majority" government; if it only wins a plurality, that is a "minority" government.
  • Elections are called either on the prime minister's request, or following a non-confidence vote in the House.
  • There have been 41 federal elections in Canada since the country's modern formation in 1867.