Canadian Population Statistics

Population of Canada Over the Years

YearPopulation
18673,463,000
18824,375,000
18975,122,000
19127,389,000
19279,637,000
194211,654,000
195716,610,000
197222,218,475
198726,448,855
200231,372,587
201133,476,688

Population of Canada

Provincial populations

ProvincePopulation (2011 Census)
Ontario12,851,821
Quebec7,903,001
British Columbia4,400,057
Alberta3,645,257
Manitoba1,208,268
Saskatchewan1,033,381
Nova Scotia921,727
New Brunswick751,171
Newfoundland and Labrador514,536
Prince Edward Island140,204
Northwest Territories41,462
Yukon Territory33,897
Nunavut Territory31,906

Provincial Populations

Canada’s 10 largest cities

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Toronto, Ontario2,615,060
Montreal, Quebec1,649,519
Calgary, Alberta1,096,833
Ottawa, Ontario883,391
Edmonton, Alberta812,201
Mississauga, Ontario713,443
Winnipeg, Manitoba663,617
Vancouver, British Columbia603,502
Brampton, Ontario523,911
Hamilton, Ontario519,949

Big city populations

Largest city populations by province

Ontario

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Toronto2,615,060
Ottawa883,391
Mississauga713,443
Hamilton519,949
Brampton519,949

Quebec

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Montreal1,649,519
Quebec City516,622
Laval401,553
Gatineau265,349
Longueuil231,409

British Columbia

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Vancouver603,502
Surrey468,251
Burnaby223,218
Richmond190,473
Abbotsford133,497

Alberta

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Calgary1,096,833
Edmonton812,201
Red Deer90,564
Strathcona92,490
Lethbridge83,517

Manitoba

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Winnipeg663,617
Brandon46,061
Thompson12,829
Springfield14,069
Portage la Prairie12,996

Saskatchewan

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Saskatoon222,189
Regina193,100
Prince Albert35,129
Moose Jaw33,274
Yorkton15,669

Nova Scotia

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Halifax390,096
Cape Breton97,398
Lunenburg25,118
Kings22,103
East Hants22,111

New Brunswick

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Saint John70,063
Moncton69,074
Fredericton56,224
Dieppe22,103
Miramichi17,811

Newfoundland and Labrador

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
St. John's106,172
Mount Pearl24,284
Conception Bay24,848
Corner Brook19,886
Grand Falls-Windsor13,725

Prince Edward Island

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Charlottetown34,562
Summerside14,751
Stratford8,574
Cornwall5,162
Montague1,895

Northwest Territories

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Yellowknife19,234
Hay River3,606
Inuvik3,463
Fort Smith2,496
Behchoko1,926

Yukon

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Whitehorse23,276
Dawson1,319
Macpherson-Grizzly Valley1,072
Watson Lake802
Haines Junction593

Nunavut

CityPopulation (2011 Census)
Iqaluit6,699
Rankin Inlet2,266
Arviat2,318
Baker Lake1,872
Igloolik1,454