Prime Ministers of Canada Chart

A list of all prime ministers of Canada. For complete biographies of Canada’s prime ministers, please see the history of the prime ministers chapter.

See also Portraits of the Prime Ministers of Canada.

PRIME MINISTERTENUREPARTY
PRIME MINISTERTENUREPARTY
John A. MacDonaldJul 1, 1867 - Nov 7, 1873Cons.
Alexander MacKenzieNov 7, 1873 - Oct 10, 1878Liberal
John A. MacDonald (2nd time)Oct 17, 1878 - Jun 6, 1891Cons.
John AbbottJun 16, 1891 - Dec 5, 1892Cons.
John ThompsonDec 5, 1892 - Dec 12, 1894Cons.
Mackenzie BowellDec 21, 1894 - May 1, 1896Cons.
Charles TupperMay 1, 1896 - Jul 11, 1896Cons.
Wilfrid LaurierJul 11, 1896 - Oct 10, 1911Liberal
Robert BordenOct 10, 1911 - Jul 10, 1920Cons.
Arthur MeighenJul 10, 1920 - Dec 29, 1921Cons.
Mackenzie KingDec 29, 1921 - Jun 28, 1926 Liberal
Arthur Meighen (2nd time)Jun 28, 1926 - Sep 25, 1926Cons.
Mackenzie King (2nd time)Sep 25, 1926- Aug 7, 1930Liberal
R.B. BennettAug 7, 1930 - Oct 23, 1935Cons.
Mackenzie King (3rd time)Oct 23, 1935 - Nov 15, 1948Liberal
Louis St. LaurentNov 15, 1948 - Jun 21, 1957Liberal
John DiefenbakerJun 21, 1957 - Apr 22, 1963P.C.
Lester PearsonApr 22, 1963 - Apr 20, 1968Liberal
Pierre TrudeauApr 20, 1968 - Jun 4, 1979Liberal
Joe ClarkJun 4, 1979 - Mar 3, 1980P.C.
Pierre Trudeau (2nd time)Mar 3, 1980 - Jun 30, 1984Liberal
John TurnerJun 30, 1984 - Sep 17, 1984Liberal
Brian MulroneySep 17, 1984 - Jun 25, 1993P.C.
Kim CampbellJun 25, 1993 - Nov 4, 1993P.C.
Jean ChretienNov 4, 1993 - Dec 12, 2003Liberal
Paul MartinDec 12, 2003 - Feb 6, 2006Liberal
Stephen HarperFeb 6, 2006 - Nov 4, 2015CPC
Justin TrudeauNov 4, 2015 - Liberal

Periods of Party Rule / Government Type

PERIOD PARTYTYPEPM
PERIOD PARTYTYPEPM
Jul 1, 1867 - Nov 7, 1873ConservativeMajorityMacDonald
Nov 7, 1873 - Oct 17, 1878LiberalMajorityMacKenzie
Oct 17, 1878 - Jul 11, 1896ConservativeMajorityMacDonald, Abbott, Thompson, Bowell, Tupper
Jul 11, 1896 - Oct 10, 1911LiberalMajorityLaurier
Oct 10, 1911 - Dec 29, 1921ConservativeMajorityBorden, Meighen
Dec 29, 1921 - Jan 7, 1926LiberalMajorityKing
Jan 7, 1926 - Jun 28, 1926LiberalMinorityKing
Jun 28, 1926 - Sep 25, 1926ConservativeMinorityMeighen
Sep 25, 1926 - Aug 7, 1930LiberalMajorityKing
Aug 7, 1930 - Oct 23, 1935ConservativeMajorityBennett
Oct 23, 1935 - Jun 21, 1957LiberalMajorityKing, St. Laurent
Jun 21, 1957 - May 12, 1958ConservativeMinorityDiefenbaker
May 12, 1958 - Sep 27, 1962ConservativeMajorityDiefenbaker
Sep 27, 1962 - Apr 22, 1963ConservativeMinorityDiefenbaker
Apr 22, 1963 - Jan 18, 1966LiberalMinorityPearson
Jan 18, 1966 - Sep 12, 1968LiberalMinorityPearson, Trudeau
Sep 12, 1968 - Jan 4, 1973LiberalMajorityP. Trudeau
Jan 4, 1973 - Sep 30, 1974LiberalMinorityP. Trudeau
Sep 30, 1974 - Jun 4, 1979LiberalMajorityP. Trudeau
Jun 4, 1979 - Mar 3, 1980ConservativeMinorityClark
Mar 3, 1980 - Sep 17, 1984LiberalMajorityP. Trudeau, Turner
Sep 17, 1984 - Nov 4, 1993ConservativeMajorityMulroney, Campbell
Nov 4, 1993 - Oct 4, 2004LiberalMajorityChretien, Martin
Oct 4, 2004 - Feb 6, 2006LiberalMinorityMartin
Feb 6, 2006 - Jun 2, 2011ConservativeMinorityHarper
Jun 2, 2011 - Nov 4, 2015ConservativeMajorityHarper
Nov 4, 2015 -LiberalMajorityJ. Trudeau

Quick Facts:

  • The prime minister of Canada is the head of the Canadian federal government.
  • Prime ministers take office either following a federal election or the resignation of a predecessor.
  • When a prime minister resigns, his or her successor is chosen by the prime minister's political party.
  • There have been either 22 or 27 prime ministers, depending on how you choose to count them.